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Orianne Mazemondet, Rayk Hybner, Jana Frahm, Dirk Koszan, Benjamin M Bader, Dieter G Weiss, Adelinde M Uhrmacher, Moritz J Frech, Arndt Rolfs, and Jiankai Luo (2011)

Quantitative und kenetic profile of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling components during human neural progenitor cell differentiation

Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters, 16(4):515-538.

ReNcell VM is an immortalized human neural progenitor cell line with the ability to differentiate in vitro into astrocytes and neurons, in which the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway is known to be involved. However, little is known about kinetic changes of this pathway in human neural progenitor cell differentiation. In the present study, we provide a quantitative profile of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway dynamics showing its spatio-temporal regulation during ReNcell VM cell differentiation. We show first that T-cell factor dependent transcription can be activated by stabilized ß-catenin. Furthermore, endogenous Wnt ligands, pathway receptors and signaling molecules are temporally controlled, demonstrating changes related to differentiation stages. During the first three hours of differentiation the signaling molecules LRP6, Dvl2 and ß-catenin are spatio-temporally regulated between distinct cellular compartments. From 24 h onward, components of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway are strongly activated and regulated as shown by mRNA up-regulation of Wnt ligands (Wnt5a and Wnt7a), receptors including Frizzled-2, -3, -6, -7, and -9, and co-receptors, and target genes including Axin2. This detailed temporal profile of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway is a first step to understand, control and to orientate, in vitro, human neural progenitor cell differentiation.

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