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Frank Krüger, Alexander Steiniger, Sebastian Bader, and Thomas Kirste (2012)

Evaluating the robustness of activity recognition using computational causal behavior models

In: Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Conference on Ubiquitous Computing , ed. by A. Dey and H. Chu and G. Hayes, pp. 1066-1074, New York, New York, USA, ACM.

Activity recognition is a challenging research problem in ubiquitous computing domain and has to tackle omnipresent uncertainties, e.g., resulting from ambiguous or intermittent sensor readings. In this paper, we introduce an activity recognition approach based on causal modeling and probabilistic plan recognition. To evaluate the performance of our approach systematically, we generated sensor data with different error rates using a simulation. This data served as input for the activity recognition in a series of experiments. In these experiments we stepwise introduced and combined additional sources of uncertainty, i.e., different duration models and ignoring certain sensors, to demonstrate the robustness of our approach. Our evaluation shows that Computational Causal Behavior Models provide a basis for a robust activity recognition system.

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